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Protein 101 – Basic Protein Facts

protein should be one of the most misunderstood nutrient that we have broken the basic facts everyone should know about it. Read on and see if you know this essential information.

protein accumulates and maintains the tissues of our body. For men, the human body is made up of 55% water while the females have up to 60%. Most of the dry weight of the body (the portion that is not water), however, consists of proteins. Our organs (including the skin) bones, muscles and even our immune system are all made primarily of protein. The protein that we take is converted into molecules that will be part of it all. It also helps to repair and rebuild muscles and tissues.

protein can be broken down and converted easily to suit your body activity. And since our body does not store protein (like carbohydrates in sugar or fat lipids) we need to ensure that we consume enough protein in our daily diet. Normally, a person needs one gram of protein per kilogram of body weight. So if a person weighs 100 pounds, it will need about 45grams of protein every day. Failing to eat enough protein will strengthen tissue and fight against the disease is slower or abnormal.

Proteins are made of amino acids. protein consists of amino acids and the amino acids consist of various organic compounds such as oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulfur, etc. These organic compounds react and link with each other to be able to produce the proteins that makes a specific job. They also sometimes bind with other materials; an example is the iron that makes hemoglobin. The hemoglobin is then described as a protein which has iron atom.

The body can make the most amino acids without us even bothering with it. There are around we have to work out; they are known as essential amino acids. These include:

• isoleucine

• Leucine

• Lysine

• Methionine

• Pheynylalanine

• Threonine

• Tryptophan

• valine

This is also the reason we need to include protein-rich foods in our daily diet.

Some people need more protein than normally required. A very rich protein diet is recommended for athletes and bodybuilders. Since many athletes train their bodies break down the proteins they have and use for energy. Athletes need more protein to monitor the activities of their bodies. Body builders on the other hand, need this protein as a basis for the construction and reconstruction of skin and muscles.

Too much protein can be bad for the kidneys. Unlike other nutrients protein is not stored in the body. The amino acids that do not convert to become protein calories or energy, but for that they need to get rid of the nitrogen reacts at the origin with the other compounds, making nitrogenous wastes . The body needs a point to these nitrogen waste (toxic called “urea”) which happens to be the output kidneys. This body filter these toxic wastes. Recent studies show that most people do not know they already suffer from a kidney malfunction and for those people taking high doses of protein can stress out of the kidney and may eventually lead to kidney failure.

On the other hand, get an insufficient amount of protein will definitely harm the body. If the body does not have enough amino acids to the muscles, for example, it could take amino acids for making the bones weak bone structure or fragile and susceptible to injury. Other fuctions body that inadequate protein intake may harm are

• synthesis of bone cells

• Red blood cell production

• The heart cell turnover

• feeling of wellness / endurance

• Immune / antibody

• Enzymes / hormones

• the elasticity of the skin / muscle tone

• balance organs function / pH

protein can be found on the plants too. animal meat and animal products has the best quality of protein, but plant foods such as legumes, nuts and soybeans. A cup of tofu or tofu about 20 grams of protein which is half that of a woman in need average in one day.



Source by Martha Casantosan

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- who has written 280 posts on Sports Protein.


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