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Protein and Amino Acids: How Your Body Breaks Down and Uses Protein


Many endurance athletes avoid protein in an effort to avoid “bundling.” The human body needs protein not only damaged muscle repair, but to function normally. By adding the right amount for your recovery plan, help you keep your muscles healthy and primed for their next workout.

Protein

Unfortunately, the protein we eat is in a different order than the needs of the body, so it must be broken down into its smallest form (known as the name of amino acids) before the body can then build back into the DNA sequence that needs.Our determines this sequence.

Amino Acids

Amino acids are molecules that contain at least one carboxyl group (COOH) and an amino group (NH2). They are created (synthesized) in plants, animals and even humans.

complete protein

Amino acids that humans can not synthesize are called essential and those that humans can synthesize are called non-essential. A food that contains all the essential amino acids is called a complete protein, such as whey or animal protein. It is also possible to combine incomplete proteins, such as beans and nuts, to create a complete protein.

Digestion

Protein digestion occurs in the stomach and small intestine, with the help of the pancreas. The stomach secretes an enzyme which is 20% of the protein digestion, whereas the pancreatic enzymes are responsible for the majority of the protein digestion. When the protein allows the small intestine, it is in the form of polypeptides (short chains of amino acids) and individual amino acids. The small intestine complete the digestion process, breaking the polypeptides di- and tri-peptides (chains of amino acids 2 and 3) that the intestinal cells are able to absorb.

amino acids in the body

The body uses amino acids for energy and to repair damaged tissue. Any excess is converted into keto acids and urea. Keto acids can be converted by the body into glucose to be used for energy or stored as fat. Urea is secreted into the sweat and urine.

Muscle repair

When the muscles expand and contract during intense exercise, they are damaged. The body uses the amino acids in the blood to repair those muscles. Protein also contributes to muscle repair by building enzymes in the body. Over time, these enzymes allow muscles to adapt to endurance sports, reducing pain and decreasing recovery time.

When to take Protein

The body can process up to 30 grams of protein at a time. For this reason timing protein intake is also important that total protein intake. After a workout, your body is primed to protein intake. 10-20 grams of protein at a time immediately before and after a workout is sufficient to meet your body’s recovery needs. Whey protein has even been shown to be present in blood as little as 15 minutes after ingestion.

recommended protein intake

The body is only capable of processing up to.91 grams of protein per day per pound of body weight. Thus, a person 180 pounds can handle no more than 160 grams of protein a day. For most athletes, the following table shows the recommended intake of protein per pound per day (the number in parentheses is the total grams for £ 180 person)

sedentary :. 0.36 g / lb (65 g per day)

3-5 workouts per week: 0.45 g / lb (81 g per day)

5+ workouts per week :. 0.55 g / lb (99 g per day)

Endurance training with sufficient good time to recovery of protein will keep your muscles healthy and primed for their next workout



Source by Mitchell Vanderkodde

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