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Diabetes and Protein Needs

Diabetes is a disease caused by the inability of the pancreas to release enough insulin to process blood sugar in the body during digestion. There are three types of diabetes: Type I or juvenile diabetes, type II, also known as adult onset diabetes and gestational diabetes. Each type of diabetes has its own considerations and warnings for good health. Good nutrition is important regardless of the type of diabetes was diagnosed.

Type I diabetes affects about 10% of all diabetics and is usually diagnosed at a relatively young age. Type II diabetes is usually discovered shortly after the age of 30, however, with so many obese children as it is found at younger and younger ages. Type I and Type II mechanisms of diabetes are very different – juvenile diabetes is considered a defect in the pancreas itself. The body will begin to attack the body, destroying its ability to produce insulin.


type II, on the other hand, starts because the other organs of the body begin to resist the insulin that is produced by the body. Type II is a progressive disease, starting with a need of dietary changes, thus leading to a need for drugs and possibly insulin need. A precursor of diabetes, prediabetes, may be present in the body for many years. Type II diabetes is more common in women than in men, and tends to run in the family. Reducing the risk of this type of diabetes is regular exercise and weight control. Warning signs of diabetes include thirst, increased frequency of urination, especially at night, constant hunger, blurred vision, unusual fatigue, sores that do not heal, unexplained weight loss, menstrual irregularity and chronic yeast infections .

Statistics risk of diabetes

type II affects about 10% of all adults in the United States, with 90% of people considered overweight or obese. Women who develop gestational diabetes are 20-50% more likely to develop Type II diabetes in five to ten years after the birth of the baby. Gestational diabetes is dangerous for the baby and the mother -. Pregnancy is automatically classified at high risk

Risk factors for diabetes include being over 20% of your ideal weight, with persistent hypertension, having poorly controlled blood cholesterol, having a family history of one, especially among parents or siblings, being of certain ethnic groups, including African American, Hispanic American, Native American or Asian, or have gestational diabetes or have had a baby that is more 9 pounds (with or without the diagnosis of gestational diabetes).

Testing should be done, including fasting blood sugar, the A1C test from 45 and completed every three years, unless it is necessary to test more frequently. Those most at risk may need to be tested every year

protein needs in diabetes

Type II diabetes can be controlled with diet -. Just a small reduction in weight can usually eliminate the need for medication. Diabetes, if left unchecked, can lead to very serious health risks, including an increased risk of kidney disease, blindness, heart disease and amputation. Proteins play a very important role not only help lose weight, but to stabilize sugar levels in the blood that can be so difficult to control for the diabetic.

When the body digests food, it is broken at a rate based on what it is made of: fats and simple carbohydrates break down very quickly, while complex carbohydrates digest a slower pace. Protein decompose very slowly in the body and require more work by the body. This creative energy also causes increased heat, a phenomenon called thermogenesis. (Only alcohol creates more thermogenesis as proteins). Fats are broken down into fats, carbohydrates are broken down to be used for energy and protein is used as the last resort for energy, but is used by the body to a wide range of other functions.

Protein is important in the body, but can be dangerous if too much food, especially in the presence of heart or kidney disease. The American Heart Association recommends that the upper limit of protein intake is not more than 35% of daily calories, however, the doctor every diabetic establish specific dietary guidelines. A person with stages one to four of chronic kidney disease should strive to limit the protein due to their disease, but within reasonable limits and only under the supervision of a doctor, dietician or nutritionist.

For purposes of weight loss, calories should come from carbohydrates (50%), protein (30-35%) and fat (15-20%). The higher level of protein makes it more satisfying diet without deprivation. The need for protein in the body is so great that if we do not get the right amounts, the body will eat more to make up for it. The more food is needed, the more calories will be ingested. It is a myth that the protein does not turn to fat in the body -. If too much consumption, the body will store as such

protein comes from two sources, plants and animals. Vegetable proteins, with the exception of soybean protein, is incomplete because it lacks one or more amino acids that the body needs to be supplied by the diet. Because they are incomplete, vegetarians must ensure that their diet is balanced and varied so they do not miss any of the essential amino acids. The typical vegan diet gets about 10-12% of its calories from protein, while the average diet is a protein of 14-18%.

Animal protein is complete and comes from sources such as meat, dairy products and eggs. Lean sources of protein should always be chosen so that the power is lower in saturated fat and calories. Good Animal proteins include tuna and salmon and other fatty fish. Turkey is another good source of protein, specifically roasted, skinless breast meat. Low fat content of dairy products and eggs are also excellent sources of animal protein that can work well in the quest to lose weight and be healthier.

protein supplements are also important to add to the diet, but should be specific kinds. Some can be loaded with added sugar, which can cause too much glucose in the blood.

Beware of protein bars, especially those with candy like flavor, as they may have enough calories or sugar content high enough that they are equivalent to treats. Diabetics should discuss their options supplements with their doctor to optimal health. There are some brands, especially protein shakes, which are specifically designed for diabetics. Protein supplements have the advantage of stabilizing blood sugar and prevent hunger between meals.

Source by Jim Duffy

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