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Stroke and Nutritional Needs


The technical term is “stroke”, but it is commonly known and feared as stroke or stroke. A stroke is usually sudden and consists of an interruption of blood flow to the brain. Eighty percent of all strokes are associated with stenosis, or severe reduction of blood vessels resulting in ischemic episode or lack of blood flow to the brain. The other twenty percent are the result of hemorrhage or uncontrolled bleeding in the brain as when a blood vessel breaks inside the skull (Source: Ammer, 2005).

A stroke can be devastating and has the potential to be fatal as well. It can cause problems ranging from face paralysis, loss of bladder control, speech and language problems with emotions and other mental / social problems, memory problems, and visual problems. Some recovery from stroke can be accomplished through medication and therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy but there is always the possibility for secondary races occur.

Strokes are responsible for about a third of all paralysis in women who are between the ages of 17 and 44, and are the most common neurological disease affecting both sexes and all groups age. Strokes are the third leading cause of death in women and risk increases with age. In fact, did you know that stroke affects women more often than men, with about 60% of all stroke deaths are women (Source: Ammer, 2005).

Risk factors for stroke

One of the biggest risk factors for stroke is hypertension. Others include atherosclerosis (plaque buildup in artery walls), diabetes, heart disease, obesity, high cholesterol, smoking, physical inactivity and stress. Women have a slightly increased risk in young ages during hormonal changes such as childbirth and their risk increases with menopause.

In addition to these risk factors, you are at high risk of stroke if you had had a stroke in the past (risk is increased by about 13%), have a history strong family stroke or have a history of TIA. A TIA is a transient ischemic attack, which lasts briefly and is often referred to as a mini-stroke. The attack itself can be very brief, lasting only a few minutes at a time and the symptoms are usually resolved completely in one day. These symptoms may include blurred vision, weakness or numbness in an arm, leg or one side of the face, ringing in the ears, a feeling of dizziness or fainting, difficulty swallowing, speaking or understanding language, a sudden headache, a sudden and dramatic change in personality, impaired judgment or forgetfulness. TIA is important to recognize and follow because almost all stroke victims are believed to have at least one or two of these before the actual race occurred.

Changing the diet to reduce the risk of stroke

One of the first steps to prevent stroke, especially in people who seem most at risk is to change their diet. This should eliminate a number of risk factors. The diet should be one that is designed to lower blood cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure and help lose weight. The DASH diet (dietary approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet is a good choice because it can meet all these requirements. The DASH diet is one that is recommended by the American Heart Association and consists of fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products, but is low in total and saturated fats. The diet is effective and can even eliminate the need for medication in some people (with the advice and consent of the physician, of course). (Source: Bednash, 2001)

The doctor will have recommendations for the best diet plan for you, but you may want to ask about adding whey or soy protein to the diet. The protein is important because it is vital for each cell and function in the body. Protein also increases the feeling of fullness in the foods we eat, so that we can be satisfied with less. Whey protein increases the amino acid, leucine, which is vital to support the muscle and reduce body fat. Because it also stabilizes the sugar in the blood, it allows a slower absorption and digestion which in turn decreases the amount of insulin that is released into the bloodstream. Increased insulin correlated with the increase in fat storage. Whey protein also stimulates the release of two hormones suppressing hunger (Source: Whey Protein Institute)

Other benefits of Whey Protein :.

– helps keep blood pressure within normal limits

– Supports a healthy immune system

– improves the function of blood vessels

Soy protein is also beneficial and can reduce blood cholesterol (another serious stroke risk) of about nine points. It can also work to lower blood pressure (Source: Natural News, 2006).

protein should represent approximately 20-35% of total daily calories, but no more than that, according to the American Heart Association. The protein that is selected should be low in fat and preferably herbal although there are some good protein-based animals that are low in fat and calories as well. Red meat should be avoided whenever possible because even if it is high in protein, it is also high in calories and saturated fat.

Using a protein supplement between meals as a snack can help keep healthy eating moving in the right direction, but the choice should be done carefully. You want to find one that has the right amount of protein, but not excessive calories. After all, a snack between meals should not have as many calories as meals, it is coming in between.

Immediate attention to Strokes

If you or a loved one is showing any of the warning signs of stroke: sudden weakness, numbness or paralysis of the body, especially if it affects only one side, sudden vision changes, sudden loss of speech or trouble understanding speech, sudden severe headache, unexplained dizziness, fainting or falling, it is imperative that immediate medical attention be sought.

As soon as the race is diagnosed and treated, the more positive the prognosis is likely to be. There are medications that can be administered after a stroke to prevent permanent damage, but they have a very small window of opportunity to be given and must be timed exactly. If drugs are not given in the context of the right time, they can cause bleeding in the brain and to the patient’s condition worse and can even be fatal.

References

Christine Ammer. New AZ of women’s health. Fifth Edition. Checkmark books. New York, New York, 2005

Geraldine Bednash, PhD., RN, FAAN. Editor. Ask a nurse: From Home use of hospital care. Simon and Schuster Source. New York, New York, 2001

Natural News. Research Links With cardiovascular health of soy protein. November 18, 2009

Whey protein Institute



Source by Jim Duffy

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