Categorized | Uncategorized

What is Protein? A Simple Definition

Most people understand the protein as a nutrient the body needs to function in a healthy and normal manner, that and the fact that you can get to eat steak. This is true, but certainly not limited to that. It is not only a healthy diet and good nutrition. Proteins probably play one of the biggest parts in the development of the human anatomy. This is one of the most basic building blocks of our body. Bones for example, are best known for being made of calcium, but did you know that it is about a quarter of protein? The muscles in our body, our organs and immune system are mainly composed of protein.

PROTEIN by definition. Protein comes from the Greek word “proteios” which means holding the first place. Proteins that we get from what we eat are converted into different types of molecules. Our muscles, organs and immune system are mainly composed of protein. The protein is also essential for DNA construction, a genetic code that is unique for each individual. Most of our dry weight (the body part that is not made of water) is made up of protein. The bones (as mentioned above), muscles, tissues and skin are few.

BASICS. Specifically, proteins that we get are made of something more basic. They are called acid amines. These organic compounds such as carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen and sometimes sulfur. These organic compounds react with each other to form a bond. This bond or reaction is essential Construction for the molecule as suggested earlier. In addition, there are more than 20 amino acids that make up proteins.

Of these, there are about 13 amino acids that our body can produce on its’ own. You do not even think about it. However, at least nine amino acids must be completed. They are called essential amino acids. Examples are: isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, selenocysteine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. These are the ones we need to get out of the protein-rich food we take.

Other than amino acids, sugar and protein bond (usually from carbohydrates), lipids (fats), or even metal (iron). For example, certain organic compounds which react with the iron in hemoglobin form. These pigments in the red blood cells that are responsible to carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide in the tissues by the blood flow. In other words, the hemoglobin are proteins which iron atoms. Protein also serves as a main ingredient for antibodies. Antibodies within the immune system to help us resist infection by blocking and protect our body against foreign intruders.

protein deficiency. Everyone said, the lack of protein can cause a lot of damage throughout the body of a person. On one hand, it can lead to reduced intelligence and mental retardation. People who suffer from Alzheimer’s disease lack specific proteins to the brain. In Third World countries alone, protein-energy malnutrition kills 10 million every year. Protein deficiency is very common in poor overcrowded country. This is where hunger usually occurs raising the rates of malnutrition. Developing countries also reports of deficiency in protein but especially adults. Diet or crash diet to lose weight is one reason.

There is much more to the particular protein once you break it down piece by piece. We must understand the proper use of protein to determine what role it plays in the human body and how to use it. It does not stop with what is on the dining table.



Source by Martha Casantosan

This post was written by:

- who has written 280 posts on Sports Protein.


Contact the author

Comments are closed.

Recent Comments

    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